Welcome to the Piano World Piano Forums
Over 2 million posts about pianos, digital pianos, and all types of keyboard instruments
Join the World's Largest Community of Piano Lovers (it's free)
It's Fun to Play the Piano ... Please Pass It On!

SEARCH
the Forums & Piano World

This custom search works much better than the built in one and allows searching older posts.
(ad 125) Sweetwater - Digital Keyboards & Other Gear
Digital Pianos at Sweetwater
(ad) Pianoteq
Latest Pianoteq add-on instrument: U4 upright piano
(ad) Pearl River
Pearl River Pianos
(ad) P B Guide
Acoustic & Digital Piano Guide
PianoSupplies.com (150)
Piano Accessories Music Related Gifts Piano Tuning Equipment Piano Moving Equipment
We now offer Gift Certificates in our online store!
(ad) Estonia Piano
Estonia Piano
Quick Links to Useful Stuff
Our Classified Ads
Find Piano Professionals-

*Piano Dealers - Piano Stores
*Piano Tuners
*Piano Teachers
*Piano Movers
*Piano Restorations
*Piano Manufacturers
*Organs

Quick Links:
*Advertise On Piano World
*Free Piano Newsletter
*Online Piano Recitals
*Piano Recitals Index
*Piano Accessories
* Buying a Piano
*Buying A Acoustic Piano
*Buying a Digital Piano
*Pianos for Sale
*Sell Your Piano
*How Old is My Piano?
*Piano Books
*Piano Art, Pictures, & Posters
*Directory/Site Map
*Contest
*Links
*Virtual Piano
*Music Word Search
*Piano Screen Saver
*Piano Videos
*Virtual Piano Chords
Page 56 of 100 < 1 2 ... 54 55 56 57 58 ... 99 100 >
Topic Options
#1282015 - 10/06/09 09:36 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: bobjr]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
This was a little hard, and long to play it with all the repeats, but I managed it ok... one or two glitches though.

Next is another long one, Hava Nagila.

Night Song




Edited by Music_in_Me (10/06/09 09:40 PM)
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
(ads P/S)

Petrof Pianos

#1282034 - 10/06/09 10:02 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
Originally Posted By: Music_in_Me
This was a little hard, and long to play it with all the repeats, but I managed it ok... one or two glitches though.

Next is another long one, Hava Nagila.

Night Song




This is the first time, at least by my listening, that it seems a piece gave you some trouble. You played most of the parts well, but there were a lot of timing issues and hesitations: especially during the 2nd part. I thought Night Song was one of the prettier pieces from book 2, and it can be played very differently depending on the performer. I read your post about candor, so I am trying to be that, please don't take offense.
_________________________

Top
#1282036 - 10/06/09 10:06 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
AnthonyB Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 09/28/07
Posts: 659
Loc: Center City, MN
Originally Posted By: Music_in_Me
This was a little hard, and long to play it with all the repeats, but I managed it ok... one or two glitches though.

Next is another long one, Hava Nagila.

Night Song




Oh dear, my brain read "managed" as "mangled" the first time through. Good thing I read it twice.

It sounded pretty good to me, but you're looking at someone who didn't finish Alfreds book one before heading off to learn Einaudi pieces. smile
_________________________
Roland FP-7 / Pianoteq 4.5.1


Top
#1282142 - 10/07/09 02:00 AM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: AnthonyB]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Yes, "I mangled it ok"... is really a more accurate description of how I went about this one smile . Waltz, it's a very pretty piece, I agree, but it looked like an etude or exercise of some sort, so I didn't take it very seriously blush . After a day or two, I'll try to get back to it and do it better; the timing was especially bad.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1282279 - 10/07/09 09:37 AM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Foureaux Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/29/09
Posts: 31
Timing and hesitation is my middle name when reading music. I do much better when I memorize a piece. One of the problems is that I tend to lose my place. I've been asked to look ahead when reading and if I have to look down to find a key, to mark the book where that happens so that I'll know exactly where to continue. I'm still pretty rusty at this but will hopefully come with time. I am currently working on Hava Nagila and love it but is more difficult than it looks. I have the first two pages down OK but the next couple are more of a challenge.

Music in Me - let us know how you Hava Nagila. Happy playing!

Top
#1282283 - 10/07/09 09:39 AM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Foureaux]
Foureaux Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/29/09
Posts: 31
Ooops...... My question to Music in Me should ready: Let us know how you do with Hava Nagila. Sorry, I think I'm half asleep yet.

Top
#1282445 - 10/07/09 01:03 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: AnthonyB]
TrapperJohn Offline
3000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/11/08
Posts: 3548
Loc: Chocolatetown, USA
Originally Posted By: AnthonyB
Originally Posted By: Music_in_Me
This was a little hard, and long to play it with all the repeats, but I managed it ok... one or two glitches though.

Next is another long one, Hava Nagila.

Night Song




Oh dear, my brain read "managed" as "mangled" the first time through. Good thing I read it twice.

It sounded pretty good to me, but you're looking at someone who didn't finish Alfreds book one before heading off to learn Einaudi pieces. smile


So that's where you went astray! I was wondering...

But, it's not too late - you can still join E.A. (Einaudi Anonymous)and come back and pick up where you left off in Alfred 1 - it won't be easy as the "Einaudi Addiction" is one of the strongest known to modern science, but it has been done... smile

JF
_________________________
Every difficulty slurred over will be a ghost to disturb your repose later on. Frederic Chopin

Current favorite bumper sticker: Wag more, bark less.

Top
#1282446 - 10/07/09 01:05 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Foureaux]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
Originally Posted By: Foureaux
Timing and hesitation is my middle name when reading music. I do much better when I memorize a piece. One of the problems is that I tend to lose my place. I've been asked to look ahead when reading and if I have to look down to find a key, to mark the book where that happens so that I'll know exactly where to continue. I'm still pretty rusty at this but will hopefully come with time. I am currently working on Hava Nagila and love it but is more difficult than it looks. I have the first two pages down OK but the next couple are more of a challenge.

Music in Me - let us know how you Hava Nagila. Happy playing!


The first two pages took me 2 days or so to learn. The last two pages took over a week. They are MUCH harder. I don't mean to discourage, actually the opposite, if you feel frustration just know it is not you but that the piece does increase in difficulty.
_________________________

Top
#1282454 - 10/07/09 01:11 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Foureaux]
TrapperJohn Offline
3000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/11/08
Posts: 3548
Loc: Chocolatetown, USA
Originally Posted By: Foureaux
... I am currently working on Hava Nagila and love it but is more difficult than it looks.


I've been informed by a highly reliable source that there's a killer (or so it's been said) version of "Hava Nagila" (slightly modified from the Book arrangement) here to serve as inspiration and guide: grin

Alfred 3, Page 1

JF
_________________________
Every difficulty slurred over will be a ghost to disturb your repose later on. Frederic Chopin

Current favorite bumper sticker: Wag more, bark less.

Top
#1284447 - 10/10/09 04:41 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: TrapperJohn]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Here comes Hava Nagila

Like with all other pieces, there is always a way to do it better, but sometimes we have to move on. This piece is 4 pages long...if you make one mistake you have to go back and redo it from the beginning, that's a bit too much. Also, it's a fast song, even though I like it better if slower, but I had to do it just like in the book.


Next is Space Shuttle Blues.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1284450 - 10/10/09 04:50 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
Originally Posted By: Music_in_Me
Here comes Hava Nagila

Like with all other pieces, there is always a way to do it better, but sometimes we have to move on. This piece is 4 pages long...if you make one mistake you have to go back and redo it from the beginning, that's a bit too much. Also, it's a fast song, even though I like it better if slower, but I had to do it just like in the book.


Next is Space Shuttle Blues.



It's a tough and long one, but overall I think you handled it well. You're fast approaching the Etude
_________________________

Top
#1284455 - 10/10/09 04:58 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Waltz]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Thanks Waltz. Is this one of the pieces you recorded too? I listened to John Frank's version, and I like the slower tempo there.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1284485 - 10/10/09 05:55 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Quagles Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/13/09
Posts: 174
Hi, I'm starting to get near the end of book 1 now with only Amazing Grace and The Entertainer left but I'm wondering where people bought the all in one book 2? I'm from Europe (Norway more specific.) so I'm having a bit trouble knowing where I should order it from and I should probably order it soon since it'll take time for it to come.

So where did other Europeans order from? I can find the basic book with just the courses but its a bit more troublesome to find the all in one, so I hope to get some opinions from others who made the purchase so I hopefully won't have any problem with getting it.

Also I'm kind of curious, how "long" is the second book, compared to the first book? I'm kind of at least thinking it'll take a bit longer to finish the second one. Since you don't start out with pieces that can be learned in 5minutes at the first pages :p

I've taken a look at the song list and I'm afraid ill get discouraged since there's not many songs that I'm actually looking forward to :p but I hope I won't. Though I'm looking forward to Canon in D even if its far away, been wanting to play that ever since picked up the piano.

Anyways looking forward to join you after some weeks of polishing the last songs in book 1. If anyone got an idea where I can order the 2nd all in one book, would be greatly appreciated.

Top
#1284527 - 10/10/09 08:11 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Quagles]
wj3 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 01/05/08
Posts: 313
Loc: Salem, Or
Quagles..I got mine from Amazon but I am in the U.S. Level two only has 63 songs as compared to level ones 83. The first two songs are a bit easier than the last two songs in book one (The Entertainer and Amazing Grace) but the book ramps up quickly. I have been working on Guantamerea for weeks now. I am not quite happy with the results yet though I can play it mostly without error. I guess I ought to just move on. Alfreds isn't my main method book. My teacher has me working out of "First Lessons in Bach". So I have been trying to finish the Alfreds series on my own. So its going to take awhile.

By the way WELCOME to the Book two Thread... You seemed to blaze through Book one. Glad to have you in our group..
_________________________
wj3

2010 Roland KR-115m
Alfreds AIO Level 2:
Working on (Simply Joplin) Solace, Peacherine Rag, A Breeze from Alabama:, (Burgmuller) Progres, Limpid stream.




Top
#1284911 - 10/11/09 02:17 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: wj3]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Anyone out there good with notation? This is a general question, so please take a look even if you haven't gotten to this song yet.

In Space Shuttle Blues (page 75), there are 4 beats per measure in a 4/4 time signature. The second measure is two 1/8th notes followed by one half note. That adds up to 3 quarter notes! I understand the tie to the next measure, but I still think they should show another quarter note in that measure. Comments?
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1284931 - 10/11/09 02:54 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
Originally Posted By: Music_in_Me
Thanks Waltz. Is this one of the pieces you recorded too? I listened to John Frank's version, and I like the slower tempo there.


http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=rv5PZqiUnvw


Edited by Waltz (10/11/09 02:56 PM)
_________________________

Top
#1284950 - 10/11/09 03:36 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Waltz]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
That was a very good job indeed! ...only because I know how difficult it is.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1284951 - 10/11/09 03:38 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
This was cool, and easy to play!

Space Shuttle Blues



Edited by Music_in_Me (10/11/09 03:42 PM)
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1285057 - 10/11/09 06:36 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
MiM, thanks for you compliment on Hava Nagila.

You nailed SSB. I remember it being pretty and that's probably why I didn't record it. I remember hearing some others' recordings of it playing at a fast tempo which sounds nice as well. I played it very similar to you, at a sort of moderate Blues tempo. Good job. What's up next for you?
_________________________

Top
#1285071 - 10/11/09 07:05 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Waltz]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Next is one that is definitely challenging, which is Olympic Procession. I think this is one of those pieces that requires more than just straight playing of the notes, if you know what I mean. There is a certain majestic aura that needs to be captured with dynamics, etc. I will try.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1285075 - 10/11/09 07:19 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Congrats on the 500 club Waltz!
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1285076 - 10/11/09 07:22 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
Originally Posted By: Music_in_Me
Congrats on the 500 club Waltz!

Oh Lord! What am I in lol? I hadn't noticed my new banner until you just mentioned it laugh
_________________________

Top
#1285207 - 10/12/09 12:50 AM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Mark...]
pianobeginner1 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 08/08/06
Posts: 20
Hi all,

I just finished Book 1, and now I am working on Tumbalalaika on Book 2.

I have 2 questions:
1) On last note, A is tied with previous note, so should I just press on the C and E, and hold A ?
2) I think the fingering of left hand fingering on the last 2 bars is:
5 12 5 5 531
Is it correct ?

Any suggestion is greatly appreciated.

Top
#1285431 - 10/12/09 12:10 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: pianobeginner1]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Welcome pianobeginner1! Yes, for that A you are referring to, you just add C and E to the already pressed A, and the fingering is correct.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1285615 - 10/12/09 05:16 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
JimF Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 10/08/09
Posts: 1666
Loc: south florida
Hello everyone.

I've also just finished book one. Now working on perfecting Guantanamara, for which I had cheated and skipped ahead to earlier, and on Overture, which I started this morning. I have two questions.

In Guantanamara I'm having some trouble getting the dynamics right. I use a Yamaha ez200 keyboard and have trouble with getting gradations of soft play to sound, well, different. As in, soft, then just a little louder, then back to soft, then to real soft. It all kind of just sounds the same to me. Is this a common problem for the electronic keyboard? Also, I find that trying to play softly I sometimes unwittingly slow my tempo, I think to ensure I get a good tone from each note.

In Overture I'm finding it hard to play the right hand legato notes when there is a simultaneous staccato note or chord played in the left. The hands seem to both want to play either legato or staccato at the same time, but not both at once. Anyone have an exercise or something to help with this?

Thanks in advance for your help.
_________________________
La Fille aux cheveux de lin - Debussy
Ma Mere L'Oye - Ravel
Mozart Sonata K545

Estonia L190 #7284





Top
#1285678 - 10/12/09 07:25 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: JimF]
MiM Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/09/09
Posts: 543
Loc: Pennsylvania
Welcome to the club JimF, and hope you do well in Book 2.

Is your keyboard touch sensitive? If so, you should be able to hear the difference in sound volume as you press hard. Regarding slowing the tempo, you are right, I now understand why some of the recordings I hear around the forum sometimes suddenly slow the tempo. It looks like some people mistakenly assume cresc. and dimin. marks refer to tempo.

Finally on the staccato and legato issue, what you can do is practice playing with your LH C, D, E, F, and G in a staccato fashion, while at the same time, your RH plays the same notes one octave higher legato. Just do this a few times slowly, alternating between the two hands. I'm sure you'll get it in a few minutes.
_________________________
Happy Playing All
http://www.box.net/shared/897uu7aqv4

Top
#1285743 - 10/12/09 09:36 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: MiM]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
I agree with Music-in-Me on learning the legato + staccato technique. I would like to reiterate MiM's point on slowness while practicing. If you do it slowly enough, you will be able to consciously control you hands without too much problem. Slowly increase speed from there and the technique should come.

Pianobeginner and JimE:

Welcome to ABF's Alfred's 2 thread! It's a great place. I only just recently left for the book 3 thread, but I probably hang out here more than there smile
_________________________

Top
#1286204 - 10/13/09 02:16 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: Waltz]
JimF Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 10/08/09
Posts: 1666
Loc: south florida
Thanks for the tip and the welcome, MiM and Waltz. I'll try the little two handed exercise tonight.

MiM - yes, the keyboard is touch sensitive (even has a button to turn that feature off). So, I can hear the difference in sound volume as I press hard. The problem seems to be the smaller gradations, like early in Guantanamara when you are playing piano and there is little cresc. followed by a little dimin.. I assumed those gradations are all the while still playing generally "soft." Is that incorrect? And the slowing down isn't mistaking the cresc/dimin. for tempo, at least in my case -- more like a result of trying to hit the keys so softly that I unconsciously slow down. I'm thinking that maybe the keyboard is just never going to have the full range of expression that is written on the page, although without a regular piano to compare I really don't know if this is the case.

Hmmmmmmm, I smell the justification for an expensive new toy coming up somewhere ;-)
_________________________
La Fille aux cheveux de lin - Debussy
Ma Mere L'Oye - Ravel
Mozart Sonata K545

Estonia L190 #7284





Top
#1286327 - 10/13/09 06:00 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: JimF]
bobjr Offline
Full Member

Registered: 08/29/09
Posts: 99
Legato is pretty easy it seems to be the natural way to want to play the songs. I'm running into some staccato issues again with "Calypso Carnival", it seems playing staccato can sometimes make the songs sound so robotic and non musical.

Top
#1286351 - 10/13/09 07:16 PM Re: Alfred's Basic and All in One Adult Piano Course Book #2 [Re: bobjr]
Waltz Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/09/09
Posts: 707
Loc: Massachusetts
JimE,

How loud to go with the crescendo is, I think, up to the performer. Personally, I agree with you, I would keep it soft in general, not going all the way to a "booming" forte.

Investing in a Digital Piano early in my learning was one of the wisest decisions I've made. This DP was mentioned in an earlier thread:

http://www.casio.com/products/Musical_Instruments/Privia_Digital_Pianos/PX-130/


It seems like a lot of "bang for your buck".

Bobjr:

Nice progress! CC is a tricky piece, but it has a nice rhythm and musicality, you'll eventually bring it out smile
_________________________

Top
Page 56 of 100 < 1 2 ... 54 55 56 57 58 ... 99 100 >

Moderator:  BB Player, casinitaly 
What's Hot!!
European Piano Party 2014, Picts & Stories! (Piano Party in Portugal)
-------------------
75,000 Members and Growing!
-------------------
HOW TO POST PICTURES on the Piano Forums
-------------------
Sharing is Caring!
About the Buttons
-------------------
Forums Rules & Help
-------------------
ADVERTISE
on Piano World

The world's most popular piano web site.
Ad (Seiler/Knabe)
Seiler Pianos
(ad) Purely Piano Practice Software
Purely Piano Practice Software
(ad) Piano Guide Lessons
Piano Guide Lessons
(ad) HAILUN Pianos
Hailun Pianos - Click for More
Sheet Music
(PW is an affiliate)
Sheet Music Plus Featured Sale
(125ad) Dampp Chaser
Dampp Chaser Piano Life Saver
(ad) Lindeblad Piano
Lindeblad Piano Restoration
Who's Online
104 registered (albumblatter, AmateurBob, A Guy, 35 invisible), 1284 Guests and 21 Spiders online.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Forum Stats
75334 Members
42 Forums
155765 Topics
2286918 Posts

Max Online: 15252 @ 03/21/10 11:39 PM
New Topics - Multiple Forums
Would you buy a restored water damaged piano?
by upbeat
31 minutes 22 seconds ago
Looking for Complete Gershwin Songbook
by Tony Romo
Today at 12:26 AM
Casio Privia PX850
by TX-Bluebonnet
Today at 12:19 AM
You can't make an action lighter
by Del
Yesterday at 11:38 PM
Damper Regulation difficulty
by lotsofquestions
Yesterday at 11:19 PM
(ads by Google)

Visit our online store for gifts for music lovers

 
Our Piano Related Classified Ads
| Dealers | Tuners | Lessons | Movers | Restorations | Pianos For Sale | Sell Your Piano |

Advertise on Piano World
| Subscribe | Piano World | PianoSupplies.com | Advertise on Piano World | Donate | Link to Us | Classifieds |
| |Contact | Privacy | Legal | About Us | Site Map | Free Newsletter | Press Room |


copyright 1997 - 2014 Piano World ® all rights reserved
No part of this site may be reproduced without prior written permission