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#1292962 - 10/24/09 02:37 PM What does "espressivo" mean?
sotto voce Offline
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In particular, what does it mean you should do? It's non-specific; it doesn't indicate tempo, dynamics or articulation.

What kind of expression, expressiveness or feeling, then? What should be conveyed or projected, and how? Is it just a cue that the performer should feel something distinct from elsewhere in the music, and respond accordingly in any way that's natural?

Obviously there are other indistinct and non-musical directions, too, like the relatively common dolce. There are surely many more, though most composers didn't employ them with the extravagance of Scriabin or the archness of Satie.

Or maybe I'm on the wrong track, and espress. means to go get an espresso ... and dolce means to have a pastry. grin

Steven
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—Albert Schweitzer

Chopin: Allegro de Concert Op. 46
Schumann: Toccata Op. 7
Fauré: Ballade Op. 19

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#1292966 - 10/24/09 02:41 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
Synapse Offline
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whenever I see espressivo in the score, I always think broader and sometimes more dramatic (depending on the piece.) So I guess I tend to slow down a bit and play with extra rubato when I see it.

on that note, it does seem like a redundant marking. Usually where ever I see espressivo I would probably already be playing that section more expressively anyway; it usually shows itself in the music.


Edited by Synapse (10/24/09 02:43 PM)

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#1292979 - 10/24/09 03:45 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Synapse]
Horowitzian Offline
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I've wondered about this too, Steven. smile Kind of mid-boggling, really. crazy
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#1292985 - 10/24/09 04:01 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Horowitzian]
Damon Online   happy
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Registered: 09/22/06
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Loc: St. Louis area
It means you should sip some steamed coffee before you play.
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#1292988 - 10/24/09 04:04 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
Chopin4life Offline
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Registered: 07/27/09
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Originally Posted By: sotto voce
It's non-specific; it doesn't indicate tempo, dynamics or articulation.


I think it's basically saying you can interpret it any way you want. Personally, I tend to put a little more rubato in and slow down a little as has been said. Also, I think over exagerated movements help too...
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Venables & Son 152

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#1292992 - 10/24/09 04:09 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Chopin4life]
BDB Online   content
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It means "Turn off the metronome, and turn on your ears."
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#1293125 - 10/24/09 08:50 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: BDB]
Morodiene Offline
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Perhaps the composer wrote that in there because it's possible to play that section a bit too strictly, and so almost as a warning that they want it with rubato.
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#1293238 - 10/25/09 03:17 AM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Morodiene]
Studio Joe Offline
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It means "play with expression".
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#1293239 - 10/25/09 03:24 AM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Studio Joe]
Nikolas Online   content
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From a composers point of view: It's so pretty to have it in score in Italics that we use it regularly! laugh LOL!

For me, it actually means that the music takes a more 'strict' form, and allows a more liberated idea of the performance. It's a restricted form of 'freedom' as opposed to a dead 'ad lib' and other more contemporary notation techniques.

It's juts a way to remind the performer "Add a tiny bit of yourself in there", I think...
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#1293394 - 10/25/09 01:21 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Studio Joe]
BruceD Online   content
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Originally Posted By: Studio Joe
It means "play with expression".


Yes, that goes without saying. But, as Steven asked in his opening post, what differently should the player do when the composer writes 'espressivo', since most of us attempt to play - or think we are playing - with expression, anyway. Or, in other words - and as others have attempted to address - what does "play with expression" mean and why does a composer insert that direction at a certain point in a piece?

Regards,
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#1294063 - 10/26/09 12:57 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: BruceD]
sotto voce Offline
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I conclude that indications given in the score that are not specific directions to do something are purely descriptive of something the composer wished to call attention to and to characterize; to the extent that it would already be noticed or would be assumed anyway, the terms are redundant.

A case in point regarding dolce is James Huneker's description of the main theme of Chopin's Fantaisie Op. 49 (the one presented successively in A-flat, G-flat and D-flat at various stages of the piece):

Quote:
... that heroic love chant, erroneously marked dolce and played with the effeminacies of a salon. Three times does it resound in this strange Hall of Glancing Mirrors, yet not once should it be caressed. The bronze fingers of a Tausig are needed.

Actually, it's Huneker's claim that's erroneous: the episode and its repetitions are not marked dolce in any edition I'm aware of, including the first published ones. And yet, in his defense, it is exactly the sort of melody one would expect to be marked dolce even though it's not.

So what was Huneker thinking? How, exactly, would this section be played differently depending on (1) whether it were marked dolce or not, and (2) if it were played with "the effeminacies of a salon" as compared to the "bronze fingers of a Tausig"?

Similarly, if one really defines espressivo as turning off the metronome and turning on the ears, that's surely a direction that applies to the entire piece. I don't think espressivo is a direction so much as a depiction: the composer calls attention to the spot so designated to signal that the music expresses something out of the ordinary, but one needn't do anything other than incorporate one's natural response to the music.

Steven
_________________________

"There are two means of refuge from the miseries of life: music and cats."
—Albert Schweitzer

Chopin: Allegro de Concert Op. 46
Schumann: Toccata Op. 7
Fauré: Ballade Op. 19

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#1294094 - 10/26/09 01:23 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
BDB Online   content
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One should apply the expression to speaking to get an idea of what it means in music. Most people know the difference between expressive speaking and unexpressive speaking. One adds inflections in meter, tone, and volume to make speaking more expressive. While you cannot change the tone without changing the piece, even though that may be a good idea, you can make inflections in the meter and volume. These inflections may be too slight to notate accurately, but the sense should come from the way we use our voices.
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#1294139 - 10/26/09 02:25 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: BDB]
Morodiene Offline
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One can certainly play more or less expressively.
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#1294160 - 10/26/09 02:52 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Morodiene]
kevinb Offline
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Originally Posted By: Morodiene
One can certainly play more or less expressively.


Indeed -- but does that mean that the direction espressivo should be taken that the rest of the piece should be played without expression? And, if not, does it mean `_more_ expression here than usual'? The problem is that I find it hard to conceive of a scale of expressiveness that I could actually articulate at the keyboard.

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#1294203 - 10/26/09 04:10 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: kevinb]
Morodiene Offline
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Originally Posted By: kevinb
Originally Posted By: Morodiene
One can certainly play more or less expressively.


Indeed -- but does that mean that the direction espressivo should be taken that the rest of the piece should be played without expression? And, if not, does it mean `_more_ expression here than usual'? The problem is that I find it hard to conceive of a scale of expressiveness that I could actually articulate at the keyboard.

As I said, I think of it as an indicator that one might tend to play that section too "legit" if you will, and so it is a cautionary indication.
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#1294239 - 10/26/09 04:57 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
Carldee Offline
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Registered: 03/16/09
Posts: 157
[quote=sotto voce]In particular, what does it mean you should do?

"espressivo" means "with espresso", you should be playing having a strong cup of coffee called "espresso".

Now if you want to play "expressivo" then you have to play having a particular meaning, feeling or force, in other words play the way you feel at that moment.
For example if you feel angry play "angressivo", if you feel in love, play "lovessivo", if you feel low, play "depressivo", and if you feel suicidal play "bangessivo"............

By the way if you are a pianist, do you think the best way to commit suicide is to let a piano fall on you?, or listen for a week to some of the members in this piano forum???????????........I rather have a piano fall on me................

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#1294241 - 10/26/09 05:00 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Morodiene]
ChopinAddict Offline
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With feeling, not mechanical as a computer would play, slightly rubato... Make the music your interpretation...
That's how I see it at least.
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#1294244 - 10/26/09 05:05 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
wr Offline
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Registered: 11/23/07
Posts: 7767
It is a stage direction, not a musical one, and it means you should have a Lang Lang moment at that spot.

Joking aside, I think it simply means you should make sure to bring out the expressive nature of the music at that spot, and possibly in contrast to the music surrounding it, if it makes sense in the context, e.g., a lyric outburst in the middle of more abstract music. If it seems redundant in a certain piece because it is so obvious, perhaps it is the composer's way of encouraging you not to hold back.

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#1294399 - 10/26/09 09:19 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: wr]
Kreisler Offline



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I think it's difficult to assign a particular meaning to "espressivo." It's a matter of interpretation, and as such, may change depending on context. (The context of many things, actually - the piece, the period, the composer, the performer's own thoughts, etc...)
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#1294413 - 10/26/09 09:32 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Kreisler]
Morodiene Offline
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Originally Posted By: Kreisler
I think it's difficult to assign a particular meaning to "espressivo." It's a matter of interpretation, and as such, may change depending on context. (The context of many things, actually - the piece, the period, the composer, the performer's own thoughts, etc...)


True. I was thinking if we knew what piece in particular Steven was inquiring about it would help us give some ideas as to what to do.
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#1294422 - 10/26/09 09:42 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Kreisler]
PartyPianist Offline
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Registered: 10/05/09
Posts: 281
It neither refers to tempo or dynamics....it is a musical term that alines "interpretation". Certainly composers who over use the direction tread a dangerous path.

Chopin is a good example of the banality of this "expression" mark. Everything written by Chopin would be played expressively as that is the way Chopin writes. However, in the places where "expressivo" is explicitly scored I would interpret it as dolce/agitato....or rather....more than a dolce and less than an agitato.

To fully appreciate human emotion you require something called "heart". It seems you may have a heart problem Sotto Voce. If a trip to your local doctor doesn't work, I would refer to some spiritual organisation. If that succeeds your appreciation of music can begin.
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#1294429 - 10/26/09 09:46 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: PartyPianist]
Horowitzian Offline
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smokin
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#1294432 - 10/26/09 09:51 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Horowitzian]
jotur Offline
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I 3hearts Steven.

Cathy
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#1294488 - 10/26/09 11:39 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: jotur]
sotto voce Offline
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Originally Posted By: jotur
I 3hearts Steven.

Cathy

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¡E igualmente a ti, mi amor!

Originally Posted By: Morodiene
Originally Posted By: Kreisler
I think it's difficult to assign a particular meaning to "espressivo." It's a matter of interpretation, and as such, may change depending on context. (The context of many things, actually - the piece, the period, the composer, the performer's own thoughts, etc...)

True. I was thinking if we knew what piece in particular Steven was inquiring about it would help us give some ideas as to what to do.

It was an instance in Schumann's Toccata (commencing at bar 106) that prompted this thread, though the whole issue of "directions" that aren't really directions (e.g., dolce) is much broader.

For what it's worth, though, the context of this use of espressivo is most unusual; Schumann's original instruction was: "In order to leave the performer as much latitude for the expression of the music as he feels it, markings are indicated only in those places where the performing technique makes heavy demands upon the player."

In practical terms, that means 283 bars of bare notes with instructions for dynamics, agogics and articulation in a mere handful of places—and this is one of them. smile

Steven
_________________________

"There are two means of refuge from the miseries of life: music and cats."
—Albert Schweitzer

Chopin: Allegro de Concert Op. 46
Schumann: Toccata Op. 7
Fauré: Ballade Op. 19

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#1294560 - 10/27/09 04:01 AM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
Carldee Offline
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Registered: 03/16/09
Posts: 157
Forget all these explanations about "espressivo" and see it in action, which is worth more than a million words, just watch Robertzhang`s video of his post below "A little girl playing piano".

She oozes "espressivo", sweetness and charm and plays so well!!, most of us in this forum will never reach that stage. Watching her we can also imagine the impression young Mozart would have made on his audiences.

I would love to see and hear the comments of the stiff upper lip members of the recognized music bodies when watching her. After all many of Mozart`s compositions were written when he was a child and so a child would interpret them as well as anybody.

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#1294615 - 10/27/09 08:03 AM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Carldee]
sotto voce Offline
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Posts: 6163
Loc: Briarcliff Manor, NY, USA
Originally Posted By: Carldee
She oozes "espressivo", sweetness and charm and plays so well!!, most of us in this forum will never reach that stage.

Or perhaps passed through it decades ago. I never thought I'd be quoting the Bible here, but 1 Corinthians 11:13 comes to mind ("When I was a child I spake as a child ...").

I don't think that playing expressively in general, or with an overall espressivo affect, is the issue, though. My question only concerned the meaning of the word's presence at a specific place in a musical score (and a composer's reasons for choosing to put it there).

Steven
_________________________

"There are two means of refuge from the miseries of life: music and cats."
—Albert Schweitzer

Chopin: Allegro de Concert Op. 46
Schumann: Toccata Op. 7
Fauré: Ballade Op. 19

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#1294683 - 10/27/09 10:25 AM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: PartyPianist]
-Frycek Offline
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Originally Posted By: PartyPianist
To fully appreciate human emotion you require something called "heart". It seems you may have a heart problem Sotto Voce. If a trip to your local doctor doesn't work, I would refer to some spiritual organisation. If that succeeds your appreciation of music can begin.


I'm just a bit curious - - Are you even capable of entering a discussion without becoming personally abusive?
Just FYI - It doesn't endear or impress.
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#1294770 - 10/27/09 12:24 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: sotto voce]
Carldee Offline
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Registered: 03/16/09
Posts: 157
[
Originally Posted By: sotto voce
Originally Posted By: Carldee
She oozes "espressivo", sweetness and charm and plays so well!!, most of us in this forum will never reach that stage.

Or perhaps passed through it decades ago. I never thought I'd be quoting the Bible here, but 1 Corinthians 11:13 comes to mind ("When I was a child I spake as a child ...").

I don't think that playing expressively in general, or with an overall espressivo affect, is the issue, though. My question only concerned the meaning of the word's presence at a specific place in a musical score (and a composer's reasons for choosing to put it there).

Steven


Sorry sotto voce, I didn`t know you were such good pianist, but.......do you look as sweet as that little girl????.......

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#1294775 - 10/27/09 12:30 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: -Frycek]
Nikolas Online   content
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Originally Posted By: -Frycek
Originally Posted By: PartyPianist
To fully appreciate human emotion you require something called "heart". It seems you may have a heart problem Sotto Voce. If a trip to your local doctor doesn't work, I would refer to some spiritual organisation. If that succeeds your appreciation of music can begin.


I'm just a bit curious - - Are you even capable of entering a discussion without becoming personally abusive?
Just FYI - It doesn't endear or impress.
+2112...

Such personal comments can only insult (although SV seems more than capable of ignoring them, they still bother the heck of me).
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#1294802 - 10/27/09 01:11 PM Re: What does "espressivo" mean? [Re: Carldee]
Morodiene Offline
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Originally Posted By: Carldee
[
Originally Posted By: sotto voce
Originally Posted By: Carldee
She oozes "espressivo", sweetness and charm and plays so well!!, most of us in this forum will never reach that stage.

Or perhaps passed through it decades ago. I never thought I'd be quoting the Bible here, but 1 Corinthians 11:13 comes to mind ("When I was a child I spake as a child ...").

I don't think that playing expressively in general, or with an overall espressivo affect, is the issue, though. My question only concerned the meaning of the word's presence at a specific place in a musical score (and a composer's reasons for choosing to put it there).

Steven


Sorry sotto voce, I didn`t know you were such good pianist, but.......do you look as sweet as that little girl????.......


Pardon me, but what does being a child *or* being cute have at all to do with playing "espressivo"?
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