Welcome to the Piano World Piano Forums
Over 2 million posts about pianos, digital pianos, and all types of keyboard instruments
Join the World's Largest Community of Piano Lovers (it's free)
It's Fun to Play the Piano ... Please Pass It On!

SEARCH
the Forums & Piano World

This custom search works much better than the built in one and allows searching older posts.
(ad 125) Sweetwater - Digital Keyboards & Other Gear
Digital Pianos at Sweetwater
(ad) Pearl River
Pearl River Pianos
(ad) Pianoteq
Latest Pianoteq add-on instrument: U4 upright piano
(ad) P B Guide
Acoustic & Digital Piano Guide
PianoSupplies.com (150)
Piano Accessories Music Related Gifts Piano Tuning Equipment Piano Moving Equipment
We now offer Gift Certificates in our online store!
(ad) Estonia Piano
Estonia Piano
Quick Links to Useful Stuff
Our Classified Ads
Find Piano Professionals-

*Piano Dealers - Piano Stores
*Piano Tuners
*Piano Teachers
*Piano Movers
*Piano Restorations
*Piano Manufacturers
*Organs

Quick Links:
*Advertise On Piano World
*Free Piano Newsletter
*Online Piano Recitals
*Piano Recitals Index
*Piano Accessories
* Buying a Piano
*Buying A Acoustic Piano
*Buying a Digital Piano
*Pianos for Sale
*Sell Your Piano
*How Old is My Piano?
*Piano Books
*Piano Art, Pictures, & Posters
*Directory/Site Map
*Contest
*Links
*Virtual Piano
*Music Word Search
*Piano Screen Saver
*Piano Videos
*Virtual Piano Chords
Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 >
Topic Options
#1380842 - 02/23/10 01:18 AM Excessive ledger lines?
buck2202 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 03/06/09
Posts: 216
Loc: Cleveland, OH

(Click takes you to imageshack, not imslp)

I'm working on Grieg's Lyric Piece Op.57 No.6 (Heimweh/Home-Sickness) at the moment, and these are measures 36-41 (no numbers in my edition, so I counted it quickly and may be wrong). I'm working from a Dover edition, but it looks just like the image above (Edition Peters, from IMSLP). I don't have any questions about playing it, and apologies if I'm bringing up something that's been beaten to death before...I did a quick search and found general questions about ledger lines, but not exactly my question.

I'm wondering, is there anyone that prefers this amount of ledger-lines over using 8va? And what motivates an engraver/typesetter(/composer) to do it one way or the other? I realize that this is fairly simple to read, but it just seems awkward to me.

Top
(ad) Piano & Music Accessories
piano accessories music gifts tuning and moving equipment
#1380847 - 02/23/10 01:27 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: buck2202]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Seems like you don't like it -- and I'm with you.
BTW I don't think those kinds of notes are 'fairly simple to read.' I have a helluva time with them. I'm a good sight reader and score reader, but not with notes like that. They never stop being a pain in the neck.

Literally. smile

Because I lean forward, stare at the notes, lean back, lean forward again, then finally break down and count the dam lines -- like, "OK, let's see, what would that be......A, C, E, G, B!! Cool, it's a B! No wait a minute, it's B-sharp. Or did I miss a line or two, maybe it's a D-sharp or F-sharp.....

I can't stand those.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1380849 - 02/23/10 01:31 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
buck2202 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 03/06/09
Posts: 216
Loc: Cleveland, OH
Oh, no, I agree with you completely...it drives me crazy. When I say "not that difficult to read," I don't mean that I could just pick up in the middle of it and tell you what the notes were after that many ledger lines. But, the intervals are small enough that I can keep decent track of where I am from an "easy" starting point like the E# in the second line.

But yeah..to just take a single note out of it takes me a while. Adjust the lamp, clean my glasses, go get some coffee, etc... smile

Top
#1380850 - 02/23/10 01:38 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: buck2202]
Nikolas Offline
5000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/26/07
Posts: 5223
Loc: Europe
There are a few issues with this particular phrase that makes the use of the 8va sign a little problematic.

1. Both hands, after a little while, end up in the upper staff. Which makes things complicated (the 8va sign applies for both hands?)
2. There is polyphonic texture on the right hand, which again would weild the question (the 8va applies for both voices?_
3. Finally the left hand is rather close, and bringing the right hand an octave down, would probably create a mess in the mind of the performer, with notes seemingly cross refferencing all the time.

I agree they are tiresome a little, but it does stand that it might be more trouble than it's worth to put an 8va sign.
_________________________
http://www.musica-ferrum.com

Top
#1380851 - 02/23/10 01:39 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: buck2202]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: buck2202
....Adjust the lamp, clean my glasses, go get some coffee, etc... smile

......sometimes magnifying glass......
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1380853 - 02/23/10 01:42 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Nikolas]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Nikolas
There are a few issues with this particular phrase that makes the use of the 8va sign a little problematic.

1. Both hands, after a little while, end up in the upper staff. Which makes things complicated (the 8va sign applies for both hands?)

Good point but I don't think it would be an issue. If the upper staff had an 8va sign, it would clearly apply just to that staff.

Quote:
....3. Finally the left hand is rather close, and bringing the right hand an octave down, would probably create a mess in the mind of the performer, with notes seemingly cross referencing all the time.

Yes (good get!) -- and I think that could very well be why it's notated the way it is.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1380856 - 02/23/10 01:55 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
Samuel1993 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 11/02/08
Posts: 351
Loc: United Kingdom
Sometimes I prefer 8va - but to be honest, it's sometines used pointlessly. If there's excessive ledger lines, it can be a pain. But to be honest, I'm so used to them now I can just read them like there on the stave.
_________________________
Currently working on...
Chopin - Fantasie Impromptu in C sharp minor Op.66
Mozart - Piano Sonata in E flat K.282
Liszt - Romance in E minor "O pourquoi donc" S.196

Top
#1380859 - 02/23/10 02:02 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Nikolas]
buck2202 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 03/06/09
Posts: 216
Loc: Cleveland, OH
Oh, that's interesting. Actually this whole "Molto piu vivo" section has both hands in the treble clef, and I can see how it might be a little unusual to have the left hand "appear" to be playing higher notes with 8va.

However, this is from Op.62 No.1 (Sylph) that I played a little while ago. It's in the same edition, so presumably was edited by the same person, or (hopefully) at least with a similar style. Why no ledger lines here, then? Would it have crossed some line between 'awkward' and 'inappropriate'?

Top
#1380866 - 02/23/10 02:28 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: buck2202]
Nikolas Offline
5000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/26/07
Posts: 5223
Loc: Europe
Marc: The last 2 bars in the 1st example (1st post) has both hands playing from the same staff, the upper one. Where do you apply the 8va? To all voices? To the right hand? To all hands? etc...

buck: I can't be sure (didn't edit the score). What I can see as differences between the two examples you posted are:
1. The first is flowing, while the second is an exact repetition one octave lower (the second time). Might be easier for the eye.
2. Cross staffing on the second example wouldn't exactly work, because the beams could get in the way (despite one would turn the upper staff lines upwards, there would still be a continuous beam, which could complicate things).
3. Since there is no cross staffing, one of the things I mentioned above (1 I think) dissappears (no problem with voicing, which voice the 8va applies, etc...

All this is just guessing on the age of Finale, right? I've never ever used typography or engraving, so I'm quite uncertain if there are other practical issues... :-/
_________________________
http://www.musica-ferrum.com

Top
#1380881 - 02/23/10 03:12 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Nikolas]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Nikolas
Marc: The last 2 bars in the 1st example (1st post) has both hands playing from the same staff, the upper one. Where do you apply the 8va? To all voices? To the right hand? To all hands? etc......

That would be very easily taken care of: all the notes would just be written an octave lower (and the 8va sign would apply to all of them).
No problem.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1380887 - 02/23/10 03:31 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
landorrano Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/26/06
Posts: 2457
Loc: France
Originally Posted By: Mark_C

That would be very easily taken care of: all the notes would just be written an octave lower (and the 8va sign would apply to all of them).
No problem.


Sancte bovinus, what a dunce the editor was! (Maybe Grieg too.)

Top
#1380903 - 02/23/10 04:32 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: landorrano]
SamOnThePiano Offline
Full Member

Registered: 12/13/09
Posts: 239
Loc: Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei
Schubert did the Same with his impromptu no 2 en E flat major. There are more than 6 ledger lines! Or seven. But I think that the piece wouldn't look simple with an 8va and could cause confusion. Is that the case?
_________________________
Never,ever lose against yourself and always try to be a better person than you ever were yesterday.

Founder of my own dreams, to become a concert pianist.

I am Samuel Cho(click!) and music is what I'm here for.

Top
#1380905 - 02/23/10 04:49 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: SamOnThePiano]
custard apple Online   blank
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 12/11/09
Posts: 2297
Loc: Sydney
I'm with you. They are driving me crazy in Clair de Lune. When I compose pop-jazz, I use 8va.

Top
#1380918 - 02/23/10 06:14 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
Nikolas Offline
5000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/26/07
Posts: 5223
Loc: Europe
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Nikolas
Marc: The last 2 bars in the 1st example (1st post) has both hands playing from the same staff, the upper one. Where do you apply the 8va? To all voices? To the right hand? To all hands? etc......

That would be very easily taken care of: all the notes would just be written an octave lower (and the 8va sign would apply to all of them).
No problem.
Nope,

It would still weild the very same question: "The 8va applies to all voices, all layers, all hands, or only the upper one"?

Honestly, with cross staff, the 8va sign is actually quite risky to use.

(At least my take from the end of the editor/composer/publisher)
_________________________
http://www.musica-ferrum.com

Top
#1380947 - 02/23/10 07:49 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: buck2202]
Damon Offline
6000 Post Club Member

Registered: 09/22/06
Posts: 6080
Loc: St. Louis area
Originally Posted By: buck2202


I'm wondering, is there anyone that prefers this amount of ledger-lines over using 8va? And what motivates an engraver/typesetter(/composer) to do it one way or the other? I realize that this is fairly simple to read, but it just seems awkward to me.


I wouldn't say I prefer this (slaps head and says "I could have had an 8va"), but it doesn't bother me or slow me down anymore.
_________________________
It's been scientifically proven that Horowitz sucks.

Top
#1380978 - 02/23/10 09:09 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Damon]
DragonPianoPlayer Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 12/12/06
Posts: 2368
Loc: Denver, CO
Nikolas,

I don't see your point. 8va applies to the notes on one staff. It does not apply by hand or by voice. It would be perfectly clear if used in this context.
_________________________

Top
#1381003 - 02/23/10 09:58 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Damon]
Monica K. Offline

Platinum Supporter until Dec 31 2012


Registered: 08/10/05
Posts: 17748
Loc: Lexington, Kentucky
Originally Posted By: Damon

I wouldn't say I prefer this (slaps head and says "I could have had an 8va"), but it doesn't bother me or slow me down anymore.


I don't have an opinion on the ledger line issue, but I did want to say that I think this is one of the funniest one-liners I've seen on PW in ages. thumb
_________________________
Mason & Hamlin A -- 91997
My YouTube channel: http://www.youtube.com/pianomonica

Top
#1381005 - 02/23/10 10:02 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Damon]
gooddog Offline
4000 Post Club Member

Registered: 06/08/08
Posts: 4785
Loc: Seattle area, WA
Originally Posted By: Damon
slaps head and says "I could have had an 8va"
laugh
_________________________
Best regards,

Deborah

Top
#1381046 - 02/23/10 11:16 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: gooddog]
dannylux Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/15/06
Posts: 1817
Loc: Connecticut
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va.

Pierre Sancan's delightful Boite à Musique:





Mel
_________________________
My Recordings

"Love has nothing to do with what you are expecting to get — only what you are expecting to give — which is everything. What you will receive in return varies. But it really has no connection with what you give. You give because you love and cannot help giving." Katharine Hepburn

Top
#1381054 - 02/23/10 11:27 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: dannylux]
Andromaque Offline
3000 Post Club Member

Registered: 08/29/08
Posts: 3886
Loc: New York
My trusty mnemonic (ACE) comes in handy and my brains have gotten used to it. A C E for the notes on the lines starting with the first ledger line. You can read them really quick once you program the mnemonic in. I admit,sheepishly, that while reading both staffs comes automatically to me now, I STILL need said mnemonic to sight read the silly ledger lines..

Top
#1381058 - 02/23/10 11:34 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Andromaque]
Kreisler Offline



Registered: 11/27/02
Posts: 13764
Loc: Iowa City, IA
For me it just depends on the length of the passage. Extended passages in 8va are always nice, but for short passages, I find the 8va line and mental gymnastics to be not worth the bother.
_________________________
"If we continually try to force a child to do what he is afraid to do, he will become more timid, and will use his brains and energy, not to explore the unknown, but to find ways to avoid the pressures we put on him." (John Holt)

www.pianoped.com
www.youtube.com/user/UIPianoPed

Top
#1381075 - 02/23/10 11:53 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Kreisler]
Batuhan Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 09/21/09
Posts: 875
Loc: Istanbul
I hate 8va i can read all ledger lines in the treble and bass clef very fast i work on them too much write it down and make practice improve your sight reading
_________________________
Sorry for my English, I know it sucks, but I'm trying to improve.

Published:
Waltz Op. 36 No. 1 in G-flat major,
2 Preludes, Op. 12 in D-flat major.

Top
#1381086 - 02/23/10 12:06 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Nikolas]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Nikolas
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Nikolas
Marc: The last 2 bars in the 1st example (1st post) has both hands playing from the same staff, the upper one. Where do you apply the 8va? To all voices? To the right hand? To all hands? etc......

That would be very easily taken care of: all the notes would just be written an octave lower (and the 8va sign would apply to all of them).
No problem.
Nope,
It would still weild the very same question: "The 8va applies to all voices, all layers, all hands, or only the upper one"?.....

Nikolas -- I gotta believe you're just not picturing it. Remember, for this point we're talking only about the last 2 measures of the example in the 1st post.
There would be no ambiguity, because the voices are in basically the same range and quite close together. I'm sure that if it were written and you were looking at it, you'd have no doubt that it would apply to both voices -- nor would anyone else.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381092 - 02/23/10 12:11 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Monica K.]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Monica K.
Originally Posted By: Damon

I wouldn't say I prefer this (slaps head and says "I could have had an 8va"), but it doesn't bother me or slow me down anymore.

I don't have an opinion on the ledger line issue, but I did want to say that I think this is one of the funniest one-liners I've seen on PW in ages. thumb

YES!! Thanks for highlighting it -- I hadn't gotten Damon's brilliant 'reverse-alpha-numeric pun.' smile
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381094 - 02/23/10 12:12 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Monica K.]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Monica K.
I don't have an opinion on the ledger line issue.....

Actually my main opinion on the issue is I prefer to see it spelled leger. ha
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381096 - 02/23/10 12:13 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: dannylux]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

LOL!
Great example!

But actually you don't.
There's also the "16va" sign.....although in this example I have to admit that the appearance on the page contributes to the feeling of the passage, and writing the notes an octave lower would impair that.

And I'd guess that's a big part of it in the Grieg example too.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381106 - 02/23/10 12:19 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
Kreisler Offline



Registered: 11/27/02
Posts: 13764
Loc: Iowa City, IA
8va typically applies to the staff below it appears. When both staves are to be played 8va, editors will do one of two things - either place the 8va above each staff (which I've only seen once or twice, it's a horrible solution because it clutters the score), or write "Both hands 8va" (you often see this in elementary level method books.)

The reason it wasn't used in the Grieg example is:

1) If you're sight-reading the score, then it's very easy to miss the indication "8va", so having it there wouldn't be all that helpful.

2) If you're learning the piece, then it would only take a few seconds to write "E# Fx A C#" above the notes in the second line, and A#m, D#M over the triads.
_________________________
"If we continually try to force a child to do what he is afraid to do, he will become more timid, and will use his brains and energy, not to explore the unknown, but to find ways to avoid the pressures we put on him." (John Holt)

www.pianoped.com
www.youtube.com/user/UIPianoPed

Top
#1381113 - 02/23/10 12:32 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
Harmonies Offline
Full Member

Registered: 01/13/10
Posts: 30
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....


Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?
_________________________
"Have patience with yourself. Your future is ahead of you. Rome was not built in one day." - Liszt

Top
#1381114 - 02/23/10 12:34 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Harmonies]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Harmonies
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....

Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?

LOLOLOL!!!!

Come to think of it, it sort of should be, but it isn't. smile
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381119 - 02/23/10 12:40 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
ted.stanion Offline
Full Member

Registered: 12/15/06
Posts: 278
Loc: Portland, OR
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Harmonies
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....

Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?

LOLOLOL!!!!

Come to think of it, it sort of should be, but it isn't. smile


Actually, it should be and is. I've never seen 16va in a score, but I have seen 15va.

Ted

Top
#1381122 - 02/23/10 12:43 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: ted.stanion]
Harmonies Offline
Full Member

Registered: 01/13/10
Posts: 30
Originally Posted By: ted.stanion
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Harmonies
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....

Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?

LOLOLOL!!!!

Come to think of it, it sort of should be, but it isn't. smile


Actually, it should be and is. I've never seen 16va in a score, but I have seen 15va.

Ted


Likewise.
_________________________
"Have patience with yourself. Your future is ahead of you. Rome was not built in one day." - Liszt

Top
#1381136 - 02/23/10 01:01 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: SamOnThePiano]
BruceD Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/26/01
Posts: 17850
Loc: Victoria, BC
Originally Posted By: Samuel.cho
Schubert did the Same with his impromptu no 2 en E flat major. There are more than 6 ledger lines! Or seven. But I think that the piece wouldn't look simple with an 8va and could cause confusion. Is that the case?


I'm not sure what confusion that might cause. While both the Peters and the Henle - the latter being a Urtext edition - observe the leger line (I count only up to 5), the ABRSM edition (edited by Howard Ferguson) never goes beyond three leger lines. The rest is all taken care of the 8va., and I see no cause for confusion at all.

Regards,
_________________________
BruceD
- - - - -
Estonia 190

Top
#1381139 - 02/23/10 01:05 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: ted.stanion]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: ted.stanion
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Harmonies
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....

Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?

LOLOLOL!!!!
Come to think of it, it sort of should be, but it isn't. smile


Actually, it should be and is. I've never seen 16va in a score, but I have seen 15va.

Really??
Then I sukkk. smile

I could have sworn that what I've seen is the opposite.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381144 - 02/23/10 01:12 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
Harmonies Offline
Full Member

Registered: 01/13/10
Posts: 30
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: ted.stanion
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Harmonies
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....

Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?

LOLOLOL!!!!
Come to think of it, it sort of should be, but it isn't. smile


Actually, it should be and is. I've never seen 16va in a score, but I have seen 15va.

Really??
Then I sukkk. smile

I could have sworn that what I've seen is the opposite.


You surely don't suck. Unless it's an odd type of editing I'd imagine that it is in fact 15va and it's a minor oversight.

Crazier things have happened.
_________________________
"Have patience with yourself. Your future is ahead of you. Rome was not built in one day." - Liszt

Top
#1381146 - 02/23/10 01:16 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Harmonies]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Can anyone think of pieces that have the "15va" so we can go and look?

(And of course I'd be delighted if someone can think of where it might say 16va.) ha
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381153 - 02/23/10 01:21 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
Betty Patnude Offline
4000 Post Club Member

Registered: 06/11/07
Posts: 4896
Loc: Puyallup, Washington
Ex:

C to C is 8 CDEFGABC
C to C to C is 15 CDEFGABCDEFGABC

Do not make the mistake of counting the same note twice.
You must have calculated it at 2 octaves (8 notes x 2) 16.
Not correct.

Top
#1381155 - 02/23/10 01:21 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
BruceD Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/26/01
Posts: 17850
Loc: Victoria, BC
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: ted.stanion
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: Harmonies
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
Originally Posted By: dannylux
Sometimes you need ledger lines and 8va....

There's also the "16va" sign....

Wouldn't it be a "15va" sign?

LOLOLOL!!!!
Come to think of it, it sort of should be, but it isn't. smile


Actually, it should be and is. I've never seen 16va in a score, but I have seen 15va.

Really??
Then I sukkk. smile

I could have sworn that what I've seen is the opposite.


You might all be wrong, theoretically, at least, if one follows what is indicated by Dolmetsch Online :

8va = abbreviation for ottava alta
15ma = abbreviation for quindicessima alta, although I have never seen 15ma although I believe I have seen 15va.

Regards,
_________________________
BruceD
- - - - -
Estonia 190

Top
#1381157 - 02/23/10 01:24 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Betty Patnude]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
(We knew that) smile
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381159 - 02/23/10 01:25 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: BruceD]
Kreisler Offline



Registered: 11/27/02
Posts: 13764
Loc: Iowa City, IA
Yes, it's 15ma, but it's extremely rare.

Technically it's 8vb (ottava basso) for notating below the written pitch, but a lot of publishers seem to be lazy and use 8va for both.
_________________________
"If we continually try to force a child to do what he is afraid to do, he will become more timid, and will use his brains and energy, not to explore the unknown, but to find ways to avoid the pressures we put on him." (John Holt)

www.pianoped.com
www.youtube.com/user/UIPianoPed

Top
#1381162 - 02/23/10 01:28 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Kreisler]
BruceD Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/26/01
Posts: 17850
Loc: Victoria, BC
Originally Posted By: Kreisler
Yes, it's 15ma, but it's extremely rare.

Technically it's 8vb (ottava basso) for notating below the written pitch, but a lot of publishers seem to be lazy and use 8va for both.


Many editors leave out the 'va' after '8'; similarly, when needed, they may just write '15'

Regards,
_________________________
BruceD
- - - - -
Estonia 190

Top
#1381184 - 02/23/10 01:41 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: BruceD]
Jeff Clef Offline
4000 Post Club Member

Registered: 10/05/08
Posts: 4414
Loc: San Jose, CA
I'm sure there's some good reason there's not a separate staff with a "super-treble" clef of its own, for those times when there are extended passages with "that many" ledger lines and some reason 8va won't serve.

Since there isn't--- flash cards. Tiresome, but time-tested. And practice.

Counting ledger lines is the express track to a migraine.


Edited by Jeff Clef (02/23/10 01:42 PM)
_________________________
Clef


Top
#1381299 - 02/23/10 03:37 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Jeff Clef]
ChopinAddict Offline
6000 Post Club Member

Registered: 08/29/09
Posts: 6096
Loc: Land of the never-ending music
I don't really mind for the piano.... Although if I really had to choose, I would go for the 8va....

On the other hand, for the flute I prefer the notes (ledger lines). I don't know, maybe because the fingerings for the highest octave are different, and when I see the notes, even if they have an 8va, I tend to see the fingerings for those notes in my mind... smirk
_________________________



Music is my best friend.


Top
#1381312 - 02/23/10 03:47 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: ChopinAddict]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: ChopinAddict
......for the flute I prefer the notes (ledger lines). I don't know, maybe because the fingerings for the highest octave are different, and when I see the notes, even if they have an 8va, I tend to see the fingerings for those notes in my mind... smirk

Interesting!!!!
I don't think too many of us knew about that......
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381321 - 02/23/10 04:01 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: ChopinAddict]
currawong Offline
5000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/15/07
Posts: 5903
Loc: Down Under
I'm with Kreisler generally on this issue:
Originally Posted By: Kreisler
For me it just depends on the length of the passage. Extended passages in 8va are always nice, but for short passages, I find the 8va line and mental gymnastics to be not worth the bother.
I do lots of sight-reading in my line of work (and so read a lot by interval and shape) and unless the passage jumps around a great deal I find it easier to just follow the ledger lines up. The OP's example I would prefer as printed.

As well as the flute example CA mentions, it's a similar situation to a clef change in (for example) viola or cello music for just one or two notes. Most players would prefer to read the ledger line rather than re-orient themselves to the other clef then back again straight away. At least that's what string players who are more skilled than I am have told me.
_________________________
Du holde Kunst...

Top
#1381335 - 02/23/10 04:24 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Jeff Clef]
Kreisler Offline



Registered: 11/27/02
Posts: 13764
Loc: Iowa City, IA
There's always piccolo, which is written on the treble staff but sounds an octave higher than written. Not really the same thing, but an interesting tangent worth noting. (I hope!)

Originally Posted By: Jeff Clef
I'm sure there's some good reason there's not a separate staff with a "super-treble" clef of its own, for those times when there are extended passages with "that many" ledger lines and some reason 8va won't serve.

Since there isn't--- flash cards. Tiresome, but time-tested. And practice.

Counting ledger lines is the express track to a migraine.
_________________________
"If we continually try to force a child to do what he is afraid to do, he will become more timid, and will use his brains and energy, not to explore the unknown, but to find ways to avoid the pressures we put on him." (John Holt)

www.pianoped.com
www.youtube.com/user/UIPianoPed

Top
#1381339 - 02/23/10 04:27 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: ChopinAddict]
BruceD Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/26/01
Posts: 17850
Loc: Victoria, BC
Originally Posted By: ChopinAddict
I don't really mind for the piano.... Although if I really had to choose, I would go for the 8va....

On the other hand, for the flute I prefer the notes (ledger lines). I don't know, maybe because the fingerings for the highest octave are different, and when I see the notes, even if they have an 8va, I tend to see the fingerings for those notes in my mind... smirk


That's a very interesting fact that I didn't know. I can understand the preference, for flautists and for some other instrumentalists, to prefer notation using leger lines if the fingering is going to be different from octave to octave.

Regards,
_________________________
BruceD
- - - - -
Estonia 190

Top
#1381381 - 02/23/10 05:26 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: ChopinAddict]
DadAgain Offline
Full Member

Registered: 08/09/09
Posts: 365
Loc: Brisbane, QLD
Originally Posted By: ChopinAddict
On the other hand, for the flute I prefer the notes (ledger lines


Indeed - on the piano I'd prefer "8va" - but the quickest way to derail any high passage for violins, violas or celli in an orchestra is to write it "8va" - it throws everyone into an fit and causes whole sections to be hand-written out at correct pitch with ledger lines!!

Our orchestra (decent amateur group) has this exact problem at the moment - and because we cant read "8va" we have at least 70% of the strings playing one section an octave lower than it should be because "8va" is just NOT done!


Originally Posted By: Currawong
it's a similar situation to a clef change in (for example) viola or cello music for just one or two notes. Most players would prefer to read the ledger line rather than re-orient themselves to the other clef then back again straight away. At least that's what string players who are more skilled than I am have told me.

Confirmed!!! (As a Viola player I HATE short excursions into the treble clef - but for a prolonged passage its fine.)


Edited by DadAgain (02/23/10 05:29 PM)
_________________________
Parent....
Orchestral Viola player (stictly amateur)....
Hack Pianist.... (faded skills from glory days 20 yrs ago)
Vague Guitar & Bass player.... (former minor income stream 15 yrs ago)
Former conductor... (been a long time since I was set loose with a magic wand!)

Top
#1381409 - 02/23/10 06:11 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: DadAgain]
BruceD Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/26/01
Posts: 17850
Loc: Victoria, BC
Originally Posted By: DadAgain
[...]
Indeed - on the piano I'd prefer "8va" - but the quickest way to derail any high passage for violins, violas or celli in an orchestra is to write it "8va" - it throws everyone into an fit and causes whole sections to be hand-written out at correct pitch with ledger lines!!


Why is that? Is it because there is a difference in fingering in different positions (3rd, 4th, etc.)? If that is the case, I can understand the confusion ("Oh! With everything else going on, I didn't see the 8va.") Otherwise, I don't understand why an "8va" would derail a string player to the extent that passages have to be rewritten. Is it a case of bad editing or inexperience on the part of the players?

All very interesting from a non-string-player's point of view.

Regards,
_________________________
BruceD
- - - - -
Estonia 190

Top
#1381452 - 02/23/10 07:18 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: BruceD]
DadAgain Offline
Full Member

Registered: 08/09/09
Posts: 365
Loc: Brisbane, QLD
Originally Posted By: BruceD
Why is that? Is it because there is a difference in fingering in different positions (3rd, 4th, etc.)? ..Otherwise, I don't understand why an "8va" would derail a string player to the extent that passages have to be rewritten. Is it a case of bad editing or inexperience on the part of the players?


Yeah - an octave is a LONG way on a string instrument - so typically a phrase is going to be played in different positions, on different strings and completely different fingers.

I cant speak for all string players - but when looking at Piano music I 'see' A/B/C etc etc and can name any note in a split second without any thought.. When I look at Viola music I DONT!! - I see notes and think of them as possible positions on strings (tough to explain) - My mind never got into the 'labelling' and octaves have FAR less significance to me!

(For the record Piano was my principal instrument in my music degree but I was always a better Viola player than pianist - so I dont think its a lack of experience - just a different approach)
_________________________
Parent....
Orchestral Viola player (stictly amateur)....
Hack Pianist.... (faded skills from glory days 20 yrs ago)
Vague Guitar & Bass player.... (former minor income stream 15 yrs ago)
Former conductor... (been a long time since I was set loose with a magic wand!)

Top
#1381465 - 02/23/10 07:45 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: DadAgain]
currawong Offline
5000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/15/07
Posts: 5903
Loc: Down Under
Think about it this way, too: a phrase looks the same on the piano keyboard no matter which octave you play it in (so 8va indications can be helpful, simplifiying reading). But this is far from being so on a stringed instrument.
_________________________
Du holde Kunst...

Top
#1381498 - 02/23/10 08:46 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Kreisler]
riley80 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 08/03/08
Posts: 380
Loc: Florida
Originally Posted By: Kreisler
Yes, it's 15ma, but it's extremely rare.

Technically it's 8vb (ottava basso) for notating below the written pitch, but a lot of publishers seem to be lazy and use 8va for both.


Agree. I recently saw 8vb and thought for a second it was a typo.

Top
#1381537 - 02/23/10 09:51 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: riley80]
Elissa Milne Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/11/10
Posts: 1337
Loc: Sydney, NSW, Australia
Originally Posted By: riley80
Originally Posted By: Kreisler
Yes, it's 15ma, but it's extremely rare.

Technically it's 8vb (ottava basso) for notating below the written pitch, but a lot of publishers seem to be lazy and use 8va for both.


Agree. I recently saw 8vb and thought for a second it was a typo.


I do a lot of music for beginner pianists, and I use 15ma all the time, often where a sequence was 8va and then repeated an octave higher. Sometimes, however, we just write in italics: play two octaves higher.

This frees the student from the stress of reading pressure, and they can focus simply on the performance of the piece over the whole keyboard.

Meantime, I do agree that on the whole ledger lines are easier to read in that they keep the geographical relationships clear in the notation.....
_________________________
Teacher, Composer, Writer, Speaker
Working with Hal Leonard, Alfred, Faber, and Australian Music Examination Board
Music in syllabuses by ABRSM, AMEB, Trinity Guildhall, ANZCA, NZMEB, and more
www.elissamilne.wordpress.com

Top
#1381552 - 02/23/10 10:20 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Elissa Milne]
DragonPianoPlayer Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 12/12/06
Posts: 2368
Loc: Denver, CO
I've worked through some scores where the ledger lines were so close together that you could not see the breaks between them. It becomes a challenge then just to know which line is the top line of the staff and which lines are the ledger lines.

Rich
_________________________

Top
#1381561 - 02/23/10 10:40 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: DadAgain]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: DadAgain
Originally Posted By: BruceD
Why is that? Is it because there is a difference in fingering in different positions (3rd, 4th, etc.)? ..Otherwise, I don't understand why an "8va" would derail a string player to the extent that passages have to be rewritten. Is it a case of bad editing or inexperience on the part of the players?

Yeah - an octave is a LONG way on a string instrument - so typically a phrase is going to be played in different positions, on different strings and completely different fingers.....

Yes -- and as per that last part, it doesn't depend at all on "different positions." On string instruments, the same note in different octaves is played completely differently, even in the same position. There's no relation at all between how you play one "C" (or whatever note) and any other C.

I was surprised to learn what ChopinAddict said about the flute. I shouldn't have been, because I actually play violin and so I should have thought of how it is on other instruments besides the piano. I guess I've been doing too much piano. smile
And anyway.....I wouldn't have thought that the notation of piano music would have any effect from how it would be on other instruments. But maybe composers just get into the habit of observing such considerations, even when a piece is for an instrument where it doesn't matter in this way.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1381631 - 02/24/10 12:48 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
ChopinAddict Offline
6000 Post Club Member

Registered: 08/29/09
Posts: 6096
Loc: Land of the never-ending music
Here is a flute fingering chart, for those who are interested... smile
_________________________



Music is my best friend.


Top
#1381681 - 02/24/10 03:18 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Jeff Clef]
wr Offline
7000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/23/07
Posts: 7767
Originally Posted By: Jeff Clef
I'm sure there's some good reason there's not a separate staff with a "super-treble" clef of its own, for those times when there are extended passages with "that many" ledger lines and some reason 8va won't serve.



Those kind of clefs do exist; I'm not sure why we don't see them more often in piano music. I seem to remember seeing them in 4-hand music sometimes.

Top
#1381710 - 02/24/10 05:59 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: wr]
Elissa Milne Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/11/10
Posts: 1337
Loc: Sydney, NSW, Australia
Originally Posted By: wr
Originally Posted By: Jeff Clef
I'm sure there's some good reason there's not a separate staff with a "super-treble" clef of its own, for those times when there are extended passages with "that many" ledger lines and some reason 8va won't serve.



Those kind of clefs do exist; I'm not sure why we don't see them more often in piano music. I seem to remember seeing them in 4-hand music sometimes.



Cos it's easier to use 8va/15ma etc. if you are moving around the extremes, and it's extremely rare to have the whole piece needing to be in that one extreme register.
_________________________
Teacher, Composer, Writer, Speaker
Working with Hal Leonard, Alfred, Faber, and Australian Music Examination Board
Music in syllabuses by ABRSM, AMEB, Trinity Guildhall, ANZCA, NZMEB, and more
www.elissamilne.wordpress.com

Top
#1382225 - 02/24/10 07:51 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Elissa Milne]
wr Offline
7000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/23/07
Posts: 7767
Originally Posted By: Elissa Milne
Originally Posted By: wr
Originally Posted By: Jeff Clef
I'm sure there's some good reason there's not a separate staff with a "super-treble" clef of its own, for those times when there are extended passages with "that many" ledger lines and some reason 8va won't serve.



Those kind of clefs do exist; I'm not sure why we don't see them more often in piano music. I seem to remember seeing them in 4-hand music sometimes.



Cos it's easier to use 8va/15ma etc. if you are moving around the extremes, and it's extremely rare to have the whole piece needing to be in that one extreme register.


You are probably right about the ease of use in most cases. And too, things tend to get standardized. But if I am understanding you correctly, the thing about a whole piece being in an extreme register doesn't really make too much sense, since clefs can (and often do) change anywhere during the course of a piece.

Top
#1382458 - 02/25/10 05:08 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: wr]
Elissa Milne Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/11/10
Posts: 1337
Loc: Sydney, NSW, Australia
I don't quite understand your question/observation, wr. Clefs only change if you are moving which register you are using. So if a whole piece was in an extreme register it might make sense to use a clef which signified that everything was two octaves higher than written, but if you are darting about high and low it is often less effort to keep things in the standard clef but signify the register change through 8va and 15ma. This is very clear to see at a glance (no checking what kind of a treble clef is being used).

Composers *should* be aiming to create scores that are the simplest series of instructions to follow in order to realise the music the composer has imagined. The more things to confuse the performer the greater chance that the music of the composer will be altered unintentionally.

Otherwise, you could do any fool thing with clefs - or with 8va/15ma for that matter.
_________________________
Teacher, Composer, Writer, Speaker
Working with Hal Leonard, Alfred, Faber, and Australian Music Examination Board
Music in syllabuses by ABRSM, AMEB, Trinity Guildhall, ANZCA, NZMEB, and more
www.elissamilne.wordpress.com

Top
#1382545 - 02/25/10 09:41 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: riley80]
riley80 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 08/03/08
Posts: 380
Loc: Florida
Originally Posted By: riley80
Originally Posted By: Kreisler
Yes, it's 15ma, but it's extremely rare.

Technically it's 8vb (ottava basso) for notating below the written pitch, but a lot of publishers seem to be lazy and use 8va for both.


Agree. I recently saw 8vb and thought for a second it was a typo.


_____________________________________________

Sorry to piggyback on my own post but.....
last night I saw the use of 8vb for one note! In that case, I'd have sooner seen it on legers.

Top
#1382612 - 02/25/10 11:12 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: riley80]
RealPlayer Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 05/02/03
Posts: 2316
Loc: NYC
I'm fine reading 5 leger lines; more than that gets tricky.

The way they're used in the original example looks fine to me; would be hard to reasonably notate otherwise.

What gets to me is music software or engravings that, in a high passage, run the ledger lines together horizontally, so it looks like you're reading a ten-line staff!

Also I hate the treble clef with the tiny 8 sign under it (used where a long passage is 8va, as an alternative to the 8va sign). The 8 is often so tiny, I practice the passage loco for quite a while before realizing it!
_________________________
Joe

www.josephkubera.com

Top
#1382622 - 02/25/10 11:24 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
btb Offline
4000 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/21/04
Posts: 4261
Loc: Pretoria South Africa
Thanks buck for the Grieg lyric piece Opus 57-6 ... m36-41

As experienced by the motley, these measures in the 6th keyboard octave are not easy to sight-read ... especially involving a whole passage of music ... shouldn’t Grieg have ducked down with an 8va to the 5th octave ... as suggested by many .

Top
#1382636 - 02/25/10 11:41 AM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Elissa Milne]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
Originally Posted By: Elissa Milne
I don't quite understand your question/observation, wr. Clefs only change if you are moving which register you are using. So if a whole piece was in an extreme register it might make sense to use a clef which signified that everything was two octaves higher than written, but if you are darting about high and low it is often less effort to keep things in the standard clef but signify the register change through 8va and 15ma......

Yes.....I haven't really understood how the clefs thing came into this discussion, even speaking as someone who's a little used to those different clefs.

BTW.....about the "tangential" discussion on the other thread.....may I put a reply on your blog? (I don't do PM). If so, let me know where I might do it. I think it's better not to get into it any more on the thread itself. Thanks very much again for your thoughts and support.
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1382649 - 02/25/10 12:01 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
landorrano Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/26/06
Posts: 2457
Loc: France
Quel minable!

Top
#1382699 - 02/25/10 01:02 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: landorrano]
Mark_C Offline
Yikes! 10000 Post Club Member

Registered: 11/11/09
Posts: 19664
Loc: New York
(Don't you want to put that in the "second person plural"?) ha
_________________________
"Everything I say is my opinion, including the facts." :-)

Top
#1382735 - 02/25/10 01:43 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
landorrano Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/26/06
Posts: 2457
Loc: France
You're pathetic, Mark C.

Top
#1382739 - 02/25/10 01:46 PM Re: Excessive ledger lines? [Re: Mark_C]
landorrano Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/26/06
Posts: 2457
Loc: France
Originally Posted By: Mark_C
(Don't you want to put that in the "second person plural"?) ha


Vous êtes un minable, un pauvre type.

Top
Page 1 of 3 1 2 3 >

Moderator:  Brendan, Kreisler 
What's Hot!!
Our latest Issue is available now...
Piano News - Interesting & Fun Piano Related Newsletter! (free)
-------------------
HOW TO POST PICTURES on the Piano Forums
-------------------
Sharing is Caring!
About the Buttons
-------------------
Forums Rules & Help
-------------------
ADVERTISE
on Piano World

The world's most popular piano web site.
(ad) HAILUN Pianos
Hailun Pianos - Click for More
Ad (Seiler/Knabe)
Seiler Pianos
Sheet Music
(PW is an affiliate)
Sheet Music Plus Featured Sale
(125ad) Dampp Chaser
Dampp Chaser Piano Life Saver
(ad) Lindeblad Piano
Lindeblad Piano Restoration
Who's Online
74 registered (BarryDMD, bennevis, ando, aesop, Al LaPorte, 22 invisible), 1207 Guests and 20 Spiders online.
Key: Admin, Global Mod, Mod
Forum Stats
75602 Members
42 Forums
156326 Topics
2295920 Posts

Max Online: 15252 @ 03/21/10 11:39 PM
New Topics - Multiple Forums
piano technician cost list
by ascc
Today at 01:36 AM
Liszt on Steinway A3
by Reno
Today at 01:35 AM
Roland RD800 initial impressions
by fizikisto
Today at 12:28 AM
Connected Slurs
by TX-Bluebonnet
Today at 12:17 AM
Recital 35 --- Call For Submissions
by AB Forum Recital
Yesterday at 10:17 PM
(ads by Google)

Visit our online store for gifts for music lovers

 
Our Piano Related Classified Ads
| Dealers | Tuners | Lessons | Movers | Restorations | Pianos For Sale | Sell Your Piano |

Advertise on Piano World
| Subscribe | Piano World | PianoSupplies.com | Advertise on Piano World | Donate | Link to Us | Classifieds |
| |Contact | Privacy | Legal | About Us | Site Map | Free Newsletter | Press Room |


copyright 1997 - 2014 Piano World ® all rights reserved
No part of this site may be reproduced without prior written permission