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#1811684 - 12/24/11 08:32 AM Why overpull?
Weiyan Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 10/04/11
Posts: 769
Loc: Hong Kong
In veritune, there is over pull option.

I am confused it with stretch octaves.

My understanding of stretch octaves is compensation of inharmonics due to stiffness of string.

Is over pull doing something more than compensating inharmonics?

Fake Book player
Ragtime beginner

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#1811715 - 12/24/11 09:36 AM Re: Why overpull? [Re: Weiyan]
Emmery Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 04/02/08
Posts: 2434
Loc: Niagara Region, On. Canada
Various amounts of overpull are applied to areas of the piano to compensate for the loading of pressure on the sound board as you tune. It applies to pitch raises rather than fine tuning (which follows afterwards). Most of the ETD's require tuning from the bass upwards to the treble in systamatic order including unisons for the overpull/pitch raise function to work properly. On very old pianos with huge pitch raises, it is wise to inspect the condition of the sound board and the bridge before undertaking any large overpull amounts. In RCT, the overpulls will also add an additional 1 1/2 cent amount to the pitch raise. This is to compensate for an anticipated drop of this amount as the piano settles in the next couple weeks.
Piano Technician
George Brown College /85
Niagara Region

#1811725 - 12/24/11 09:54 AM Re: Why overpull? [Re: Weiyan]
Weiyan Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 10/04/11
Posts: 769
Loc: Hong Kong
Thank you, Emmery.

Overpull is just for the pitch raising process, has no effect on the tuning curve. Is my understanding correct?

Thank you.
Fake Book player
Ragtime beginner

#1811751 - 12/24/11 10:58 AM Re: Why overpull? [Re: Weiyan]
Emmery Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 04/02/08
Posts: 2434
Loc: Niagara Region, On. Canada
The tuning curve is applied on the final fine tuning. The overpull (maximum) percentages are based on general response from pianos that have been tested by the folks who program the machine. The machine then determines the specific amounts of overpull apllied based on the past notes you havee been tuning. Sometimes I reduce the maximum percentage amounts (default)they program in the machine. If the piano has a weak structure, is very old, has rusty strings ect...I will reduce the overpull percentage. I will often do this on the area of the wound strings also to avoid breakage, especially if I have seen some of them changed out in the past.

As one gets familiar with the results of overpulls on different types of pianos, you begin to make small adjustments on the maximum settings to get better results. Because these are pitch raises, I pick a template of a past piano that resembles the one I'm working on in size. The tuning curve of that template will be close enough for the pitch raise. Before the final tuning, I will properly sample the piano and choose the stretch I want in the program.

As an additional assurance that the correct stretch is chosen, an aural tuner can set a series of (octave)sample notes by ear, sample them, and compare to the cents readings of the fine tuning template. I'm not sure if Verituner can do this but RCT can.
Piano Technician
George Brown College /85
Niagara Region

#1811847 - 12/24/11 01:47 PM Re: Why overpull? [Re: Weiyan]
daniokeeper Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/01/09
Posts: 1088
Loc: PA
AFAIK, the Verituner doesn't do averaging of overpull for a series of notes, just the overpull for the note currently being tuned.
Joe Gumbosky
Piano Tuning & Repair


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