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#2052297 - 03/22/13 06:50 AM How do you memorize music?
heathermphotog Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/19/12
Posts: 90
Loc: Georgia
That's my question in a nutshell smile

Do you have a certain way that you do it that you find effective? I just can't seem to find a way to really get it done. I don't know why I find it so difficult other than as a child taking lessons my teacher stressed keeping my eyes on the music and not watching my fingers or the keys. Although she taught me a lot, I didn't ever learn to memorize - it was never stressed. Actually, I don't remember ever even being asked to memorize music. I don't know if that hindered my ability to memorize or not - I just have no idea how to go about it and the times I have tried are haphazard at best and have resulted in, well, nothing really. I am a good sight reader and I am very dependent on seeing the music for playing. Any suggestions?


Edited by heathermphotog (03/22/13 07:40 AM)
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#2052302 - 03/22/13 06:56 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Lost Woods Offline
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Registered: 03/11/13
Posts: 104
Loc: The Netherlands
Hello Heather:),

Not that I want to be short but I think this will be very helpfull:
http://www.pianofundamentals.com/book/en/1.II.12
(especcialy from http://www.pianofundamentals.com/book/en/1.III.6.1 pages and further).

Good luck! laugh

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#2052313 - 03/22/13 07:34 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Dulcetta Offline
Full Member

Registered: 09/11/11
Posts: 75
Loc: U.K.
I don't think reading music hinders memorizing , so long as you still actually memorize. So I play a measure or two, looking at the music notation, then look slightly above the paper ( so still not looking at keys or closing eyes as for me this means finger memory races ahead of the brain) and play while visualising the notation. The advantage of this is if you forget you can find your place in the music quickly.
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#2052329 - 03/22/13 08:17 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: Lost Woods]
heathermphotog Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/19/12
Posts: 90
Loc: Georgia
Originally Posted By: Lost Woods
Hello Heather:),

Not that I want to be short but I think this will be very helpfull:
http://www.pianofundamentals.com/book/en/1.II.12
(especcialy from http://www.pianofundamentals.com/book/en/1.III.6.1 pages and further).

Good luck! laugh


Thank you! That look to be extremely helpful! I read through the sections you suggested and they made a lot of sense. smile
_________________________
~ Heather smile

Knabe WMV247
“When you play, never mind who listens to you.” ― Robert Schumann
“The piano ain't got no wrong notes.” ― Thelonious Monk

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#2052335 - 03/22/13 08:30 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
heathermphotog Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/19/12
Posts: 90
Loc: Georgia
I just read this in Fundamentals of Piano Practice:
Quote:
Many good sight readers are poor memorizers and vice versa. This problem arises because good sight readers initially find little need to memorize and enjoy sight reading, so they end up practicing sight reading at the expense of memorizing. The more they sight read, the less memory they need, and the less they memorize, the worse memorizers they become, with the result that one day they wake up and conclude that they are unable to memorize. Of course, there are naturally "talented" readers who have genuine memory problems, but these comprise a negligibly small minority. Therefore, the difficulty of memorizing arises principally because of a psychological mental block built up over long periods of time. Good memorizers can experience the reverse problem; they can't sight read because they automatically memorize everything and rarely have a chance to practice reading. However, this is not a symmetric problem because practically all advanced pianists know how to memorize; therefore, poor memorizers also had the misfortune of never having acquired advanced technique; that is, the technical level of poor memorizers is generally lower than that of good memorizers.

The most difficult problem encountered by sight readers is the psychological problem of motivation. For these good readers, memorizing seems like a waste of time because they can quickly learn to play many pieces reasonably well by reading. They might even be able to play difficult pieces by using hand memory, and if they have a blackout, they can always refer back to the music in front of them. Therefore, they can manage without memorizing. After years of practicing piano this way, it becomes very difficult to learn how to memorize because the mind has become dependent on the score. Difficult pieces are impossible under this system, so they are avoided in favor of a large number of easier compositions. With this awareness of potential difficulties, let's try to work through a typical program for learning how to memorize.


This is so me. This is what I must get beyond! Thanks, again, Lost Woods, for pointing me to this. Now ... to learn the best way to memorize for me. That is the question ...
_________________________
~ Heather smile

Knabe WMV247
“When you play, never mind who listens to you.” ― Robert Schumann
“The piano ain't got no wrong notes.” ― Thelonious Monk

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#2052384 - 03/22/13 10:27 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
CarlosCC Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 12/06/09
Posts: 1366
Loc: Lisbon, Portugal
Hi, heathermphotog.

There are some threads about this subject in PW.
Check this: Memorization vs Sight reading
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#2052392 - 03/22/13 10:46 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: CarlosCC]
heathermphotog Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/19/12
Posts: 90
Loc: Georgia
Originally Posted By: CarlosCC
Hi, heathermphotog.

There are some threads about this subject in PW.
Check this: Memorization vs Sight reading


Thanks - interesting reading. But I'm not really concerned with the merits of reading vs memorizing. I know the values of both. My daughter's teacher is already emphasizing both reading and memorizing for her (she's 7 and can do both already quite well). I see how much more she owns the music that she has memorized. And she'll just play it at any time she'd like, any place she's like. I just know that I can read well and what I'd like to be able to do is play when I do not have music in front of me (memorize). At this point I simply don't/can't do both - I don't know how, but I'd like to learn smile
_________________________
~ Heather smile

Knabe WMV247
“When you play, never mind who listens to you.” ― Robert Schumann
“The piano ain't got no wrong notes.” ― Thelonious Monk

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#2052422 - 03/22/13 11:55 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
CarlosCC Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 12/06/09
Posts: 1366
Loc: Lisbon, Portugal
Originally Posted By: heathermphotog
Originally Posted By: CarlosCC
Hi, heathermphotog.

There are some threads about this subject in PW.
Check this: Memorization vs Sight reading


Thanks - interesting reading. (...) And she'll just play it at any time she'd like, any place she's like. (...)


Me too! thumb
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Self-taught since 12/2009
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#2052437 - 03/22/13 12:30 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Sand Tiger Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 03/25/12
Posts: 1045
Loc: Southern California
There are tons of tips, here is one with some that I use:

http://colorinmypiano.com/2010/03/02/12-tips-for-memorizing-piano-music/

To summarize, try it on pieces you already can hum, or sing, or la-la-la through without the music in front of you. It might be something really simple, but if a person has never memorized anything, starting small and simple is a good thing. Perhaps find the first note and the key from the sheet music, then put the paper away and see how much you can play.

Sounding out the notes is fine if you make a mistake. This is a memory exercise, not a playing exercise. If you absolutely can not find the notes after several tries, go ahead and look at the paper. Now perhaps visualize the sheet, sight readers are often strong at visual. Others might sing the note names, or chord progressions, or try and figure out some kind of pattern.

Muscle memory is important, though for some it might be the least dependable. Still, keep the fingering consistent.

Work at it. Most of us memorize bar by bar. Do it for a few minutes each day. Learn some more bars the next day. Don't always start the beginning. Mark off a few starting points on the sheet music and work from there the next day. For short pieces, a few short segments are the entire piece. If each segment takes a few days, a person will have it memorized in two or three weeks. After memorizing, keep playing it once per day at the end of practice for a while and then less often after that. That way you will keep it.
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#2052440 - 03/22/13 12:33 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
zrtf90 Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/29/12
Posts: 2370
Loc: Ireland (ex England)
There are loads of ways of doing this.

As chance would have it I have just posted this in a PM. I hope the recipient will excuse my duplication. This is my (current) way.

I analyse first and memorise the piece as music in my head. I know the piece from listening to professional performances and/or audiation before attempting it at the piano.

At the piano I audiate from the score every day I practise a piece, the whole page of the passage I'm working on. I play through each section every day, hands separately or hands together (where I can do so without introducing errors), using the score.

I take a fragment, small enough to hold in short term memory, work it every day until it's memorised hands separately. Then I put the score away and practise playing it hands together. (There's no need to put the score away but I find I'm better able to build the neural pathways if I force myself to recall the passage and have to go to lengths to refer back to the score. It helps hightlight what I've not truly memorised.)

That's when my practice starts, that's when I start the timer. I stop when I've done it seven times correctly successively or fewer as my ability increases over the following days. (I don't use a timer, I reach objectives.)

I go back to the score every day until I can play it hands separately at tempo or hands together at the tempo I intend to play it, with all the musical expression I can give it, three times successively each time I sit at the piano. Not three times on Tuesday, but three times every day for the rest of that week, before looking at the score.

I then play it as part of a small section two or three times each day while I'm working on other parts of the piece or at weekends if I'm not. I still continue to audiate it and play it from the score at least once a week while I'm still working on that piece/page.
_____________________

Here are some other sources.

A compendium of practise methods

Tips for memorising

ETA: with apologies for duplicating Sand Tiger's link.



Edited by zrtf90 (03/22/13 12:53 PM)
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#2052478 - 03/22/13 01:27 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: zrtf90]
dire tonic Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/17/11
Posts: 1274
Loc: uk south
Quote:
I analyse first and memorise the piece as music in my head. I know the piece from listening to professional performances and/or audiation before attempting it at the piano.


You've often mentioned that you audiate. Could you explain how far this takes you in 'knowing' how a piece you've not seen or heard before sounds.

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#2052509 - 03/22/13 02:16 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Brian Lucas Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 09/04/11
Posts: 967
All this is great, as long as you know the piece before you start to memorize. I have many students who try to memorize from the beginning, and if you happen to make a mistake, and memorize the mistake, it's VERY hard to undo it.

I often use the term remember instead of memorize, because I think that's really what you're doing. You play it so many times, and as Richard says, try to really understand a piece, and you will start to remember chunks. It'll usually be a few sections where you pause and can't remember what the next part is. Knowing what key you're in and having a good grasp of what that means will help too.

When I have to memorize something quickly for a show, it's first grasping the material, understand it the best I can and then, repetition, repetition, repetition. The more I repeat something, the more I can remember it.
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#2052521 - 03/22/13 02:33 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
keystring Offline
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Registered: 12/11/07
Posts: 11675
Loc: Canada
I think that understanding the music and its structure plays a role. Say for the sake of simplicity that you have a simple piece in ABA form. You have a roadmap for A, B and A. Then within each section you have sub-structures. You can also take it apart and back together again. How are the chords progressing and why? What is the bass line doing? Is there a broad melodic outline that the other notes are weaving around? The more you have a road map and the more you understand facets of music, the more you can relate to and draw on. I think that is part of memorizing.

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#2052525 - 03/22/13 02:40 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
LarryShone Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 10/01/10
Posts: 793
Loc: Darlington, UK
Hmm I just find that if I listen to a piece long enough I can remember enough of it to transfer to the keyboard.
I play by ear.
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#2052549 - 03/22/13 03:31 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
beechcraft409 Offline
Full Member

Registered: 01/29/11
Posts: 191
Originally Posted By: heathermphotog
Quote:
Good memorizers can experience the reverse problem; they can't sight read because they automatically memorize everything and rarely have a chance to practice reading. However, this is not a symmetric problem because practically all advanced pianists know how to memorize; therefore, poor memorizers also had the misfortune of never having acquired advanced technique; that is, the technical level of poor memorizers is generally lower than that of good memorizers.


This is so me. This is what I must get beyond! Thanks, again, Lost Woods, for pointing me to this. Now ... to learn the best way to memorize for me. That is the question ...


I'm a memorizer. Obviously I can read music, but I read it, work out a measure or two, then I just know how to play it once I have done that. I don't really have a method, other than memorizing a few measures at a time and stacking them on top of each other. I can sight read very low level stuff, but I can memorize much more complicated pieces.

I could sit down right now and play the first half of that Aladdin song (which is all I ever learned of it, and I guess it isn't all that complicated), and I haven't seen the music for it since Nov 2010. Or I could sit down and play the Raindrop Prelude in full (albeit poorly laugh point being I remember the notes) and it has been nearly a year and a half since I have seen the music. Perhaps this came about as a result of not having a teacher forcing me to sight read.

I know how it should sound and I associate that to my hand movements. My theory is that because I played super nintendo alot when I was little, starting about age 4 or 5, I think my brain made solid neuronal connections with my fingers/hands while my brain was still developing, making for good tactile memory. But, who the heck really knows haha.
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#2052601 - 03/22/13 04:39 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
zrtf90 Offline
2000 Post Club Member

Registered: 02/29/12
Posts: 2370
Loc: Ireland (ex England)
Originally Posted By: dire tonic
You've often mentioned that you audiate. Could you explain how far this takes you in 'knowing' how a piece you've not seen or heard before sounds.
It's sight-singing without the restriction on compass or number of voices or like sight-reading without the restriction of technical ability or speed.

When the accidentals pile up and I'm outside my comfort zone I resort to picking out bits on a piano or guitar, whichever's handiest and suitable.

I'm never surprised when I first actually hear a piece after this process even though there will often be richer orchestration but in Mendelssohn's SWW's, for instance, I audiated most of those from the score. I had a CD of them and I'd heard them before but never knew any well enough to recognise or have chosen one to learn, except Op. 30/3. I was targetting his Op. 72 first and knew those.

If you do it often enough it's better than sight-reading at the piano though it frequently reduces the 'sound picture' to a simpler level but it's enough to recognise themes, melodies and chord movement and you can build the picture deeper over time.

In full score I know what the trumpets and violas are doing but I'd have to go to the piano to know how they'd work against the violins.

But I miss less when audiating because I look more closely at the score than when listening to a piece and I can catch smaller details or make better sense of what I see.
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#2052638 - 03/22/13 05:44 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
wower Offline
Full Member

Registered: 03/13/10
Posts: 242
Loc: Calgary
My plan for attack is fundamentally only 2 steps but a considerable amount of detail could be added to each:

1) Learn the piece. 2) Memorize.

The reason I find this division helpful is having learned the piece and all of its patterns - sometimes described as the rhythmic line from beginning to end - produces a structure unto which hang all the smallest details and articulations of a performance. Otherwise it becomes a struggle to memorize many many tiny details in sequence out of thin air.

It sounds like the OP is a competent sight reader so unpacking step 2 further I draw heavily on the literature of human memory from other fields, including the important fact memory is something that can be practiced. For larger pieces I try to chunk it up into spatial memory (architecture being long a hobby of mine). Others' results may vary but there are lots of techniques to try and I have little doubt some will fit better than others. For tricker individual phrases, where fingering becomes an issue for one reason or another, I try to associate it with a lyric or other auditory mnemonic device matching the rhythmic drive of the phrase. (Radiohead lyrics being a favorite of mine.) Then it just becomes a matter of memorizing where the lyric lies in the larger structure.

Another oft overlooked aspect of human memory is that, much like the recording industry, garbage in, garbage out; and if one is distracted or feeling anxiety it tends to blur memory (see the literature for details). The trick, in my humble opinion, is to bring as much attention and focus to bare on the subject as possible in a relaxed calm environment, thus bringing the object into sharpest relief for the human brain to memorize.
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#2052665 - 03/22/13 06:35 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
findingnemo2010 Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 12/17/09
Posts: 1491
For me it came natural after numerous hours of hard work slaving away at that bench. You feel me??
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#2052678 - 03/22/13 07:01 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
leturn Offline
Junior Member

Registered: 06/27/12
Posts: 13
Loc: Alabama
I memorize by shear repetition. I am not a very good sight reader at all. I learn a piece one bar at a time and I wont proceed to the next bar until the previous bar is perfect. You can probably imagine how long it takes me to learn a new piece. By the time I make it to the end of a piece, it is burned into my memory.
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#2052684 - 03/22/13 07:10 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: keystring]
songwire Offline
Junior Member

Registered: 03/10/13
Posts: 12
Loc: NE Ohio
Originally Posted By: keystring
I think that understanding the music and its structure plays a role. Say for the sake of simplicity that you have a simple piece in ABA form. You have a roadmap for A, B and A. Then within each section you have sub-structures. You can also take it apart and back together again. How are the chords progressing and why? What is the bass line doing? Is there a broad melodic outline that the other notes are weaving around? The more you have a road map and the more you understand facets of music, the more you can relate to and draw on. I think that is part of memorizing.


This. Look for repeating passages and those with similar structure.

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#2052724 - 03/22/13 09:10 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Infinity Offline
Full Member

Registered: 09/23/10
Posts: 102
Loc: West Orange, NJ
I do not. I prefer that time to work on new songs, not to memorize songs I already can perform. I don't mind carrying music with me. I'd rather be able to play 1,000 songs by music than 10 songs by memory.
But that's just me!
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#2052729 - 03/22/13 09:31 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Mr Super-Hunky Offline
4000 Post Club Member

Registered: 04/17/05
Posts: 4236
Loc: Arizona.
I use my own 'FOAM' method [Figure out and memorize]. The 'memorize' part comes nearly effortlessly with repetition so that just leaves the 'figure out' part. That's where nightly noodling comes in.

I put the basic core melodies together like a quilt and over time fine tune the entire piece together.

Most of the effort is in coming up with the melodies to begin with because that is the unknown. Everything else is more a matter of getting better at what you already know how to do.

Once again, as always, you really do get out of something what you put into it. Just think how long people have been trying to beat that recipe but you just can't. Trust me, I tried!

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#2052752 - 03/22/13 10:56 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: findingnemo2010]
heathermphotog Offline
Full Member

Registered: 06/19/12
Posts: 90
Loc: Georgia
Originally Posted By: findingnemo2010
For me it came natural after numerous hours of hard work slaving away at that bench. You feel me??


I do wink
_________________________
~ Heather smile

Knabe WMV247
“When you play, never mind who listens to you.” ― Robert Schumann
“The piano ain't got no wrong notes.” ― Thelonious Monk

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#2052790 - 03/23/13 03:44 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: zrtf90]
dire tonic Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/17/11
Posts: 1274
Loc: uk south
Originally Posted By: zrtf90
But I miss less when audiating because I look more closely at the score than when listening to a piece and I can catch smaller details or make better sense of what I see.



So, for example, you could look at a passage from a score and you would know whether or not a performance corresponded to that passage or deviated from it?

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#2052801 - 03/23/13 04:22 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: Infinity]
dire tonic Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/17/11
Posts: 1274
Loc: uk south
Originally Posted By: Infinity
I do not. I prefer that time to work on new songs, not to memorize songs I already can perform. I don't mind carrying music with me. I'd rather be able to play 1,000 songs by music than 10 songs by memory.
But that's just me!


Me too. There are unquestionable benefits in memorising from time to time as a means of deeply exploring expression but I think for a student, it's vital to absorb as much music as possible as quickly as possible. I've a hunch that one can 'build' instincts in this way. Also that it might help develop the aural - playing by ear - skills.

I've nothing to back this up!

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#2052812 - 03/23/13 05:09 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: dire tonic]
Bobpickle Offline

Gold Supporter until July 10  2014


Registered: 05/24/12
Posts: 1383
Loc: Cameron Park, California
Originally Posted By: dire tonic
Originally Posted By: zrtf90
But I miss less when audiating because I look more closely at the score than when listening to a piece and I can catch smaller details or make better sense of what I see.



So, for example, you could look at a passage from a score and you would know whether or not a performance corresponded to that passage or deviated from it?


I'd define this more as comparison (something of which someone familiar with music notation should be capable) rather than thinking it similar to taking from scratch a written piece and utilizing aural skills (intervallic relationships, chord progressions, cadences, etc.) to essentially conduct the score in your head from no aural starting point and with no assistance.

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#2052816 - 03/23/13 05:28 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: Bobpickle]
dire tonic Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/17/11
Posts: 1274
Loc: uk south
Originally Posted By: Bobpickle
Originally Posted By: dire tonic
Originally Posted By: zrtf90
But I miss less when audiating because I look more closely at the score than when listening to a piece and I can catch smaller details or make better sense of what I see.



So, for example, you could look at a passage from a score and you would know whether or not a performance corresponded to that passage or deviated from it?





I'd define this more as comparison (something of which someone familiar with music notation should be capable) rather than thinking it similar to taking from scratch a written piece and utilizing aural skills (intervallic relationships, chord progressions, cadences, etc.) to essentially conduct the score in your head from no aural starting point and with no assistance.



- and therefore the ability to do the more comprehensive "..no aural starting point.." task would imply the ability to make the comparison?

I should say, I'm familiar with music notation and can read reasonably well but being unable to audiate anything but melody and simple harmony (rhythm no problem) and without reference to a piano I could not make such a comparison with any reliability unless the passage in question were quite simple. That's why I'm testing it against the ability to audiate which I see as being all-encompassing.

There's a point which I think is worth making here and I'm expecting to wind it back to the question of memorizing.

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#2053160 - 03/23/13 08:38 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Michael_99 Offline
500 Post Club Member

Registered: 07/28/12
Posts: 935
Loc: Canada Alberta
Well, I have memory problems, have had a stroke and am dyslexic so I am not the best one to answer this but I play all the music that I know of about 60 pieces everyday. I always look at my music and play the music easily because I play it all the time except the new pieces which takes me many months to play well. What you haven't said is a piece of how many measures and how many times do you play it everyday without mistakes and for how many months have you been playing this piece that you are trying to memorize, 3 months, 6 months, 18 months, 2 years?

I have been playing my pieces for about a year and I think with a little work I could memorize it, but I am okay with reading the music. I understand that for some pieces some people take 6 months to a year to learn. Memorizing is a huge picture without details of what you are trying to accomplish.

What I would do is I would play the first three measures and see if I could play it without looking. If I had a problem, I would play the 3 measures over and over until I could play it from memory - for 20 minutes at a time - and then do other piano stuff. And I would play the three measures everyday for 20 minute periods for as many weeks and months as it would take to learn those 3 measures and the rest of the piece adding new measures as I go. The idea is you don't quit but you do it for as long as it takes to learn the piece from memory.


Edited by Michael_99 (03/23/13 08:43 PM)

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#2053217 - 03/23/13 11:28 PM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Roger Ransom Offline
1000 Post Club Member

Registered: 01/19/05
Posts: 1257
Loc: SouthWest Michigan
I don't, unless it happens by accident from playing the same piece a zillion times. smile
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Yamaha G7 - Roland FP7

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#2053256 - 03/24/13 01:24 AM Re: How do you memorize music? [Re: heathermphotog]
Oongawa Offline
Full Member

Registered: 05/14/12
Posts: 252
There are a couple of pieces that I play well from written music and I've been trying to memorize them. The usual "play it over and over" has not worked.

However, it dawned on me (and maybe I'm slow to figure this out) - that even though I play them pretty darn well, and could recognize any phrase in it if I heard it - I can't hum the whole thing end to end without referring to the score.

So, if I can not hum the entire thing that means I don't actually know it. So, I'm taking a step away from the piano and working on just learning the piece. If I can hum the whole thing (just the melody of course) then I bet I'll be able to memorize it to play it. After all, I know that I can play the music, the problem is that I don't actually have the tune memorized well enough in my head for it to serve as the prompt to help me with where my fingers need to go next. I now have these couple of tunes on my iPod and I listen to them with some regularity. I think (hope) that if I can really get it thoroughly stuck (end-to-end) in my head, that I can make it come out of my fingers.

SO, can you actually hum or maybe whistle the entire thing? All the way through - without having to stop and think about what comes next? If not, see if getting to where you can do that helps. I'm betting that it will.
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Oongawa
Presently working on:
Schubert - Ave Maria
Beethoven - Minuet in G
Bach - Jesu, Joy of Man's Desiring
'69 Mason & Hamlin Model A

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